The most important historical reference of Janakpur is the reference of the Hindu epic Ramayana where Lord Rama’s wife Sita who was also known as Janaki is said to have been a princess there. The King of Janakpur King Janak found baby Sita in a channel and raised her as his daughter. Given this history it’s a major histological point for pilgrims. It is also believed that Gautam Buddha, the father of Buddhist and Vardamana Mahavira, the 24th and final Tirthankara of Jain religion are said to have spent some years in Janakpur. This region was of utmost importance in the first millennium.
The most important historical reference to Mithila/Janakpur is in the Hindu epic Ramayana, where Lord Rama’s wife Sita Devi (also called Janaki) is said to have been the princess of Videha. Her father, King Janak, found baby Sita in a furrow of a field and raised her as his daughter. When she grew up, the king announced that she should be wed by whoever was able to string the divine bow of Shiva. Though many royal suitors tried, Lord Rama, prince of Ayodhya, alone could even lift the bow. As Rama and Sita are major figures in Hinduism, Janakpur is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus.
In addition, both the great saints Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, and Vardamana Mahavira, the 24th and final Tirtankara of the jain religion, are said to have lived in Mithila/Janakpur.
Janakpur has an airport. The airport is served by a few private airlines, with daily flights to and from Kathmandu. The duration of flight is about 20-25 minutes. The aircrafts are usually small with 17-20-passenger capacity. Airports in nearby India have domestic flights to major Indian cities.
It is on the Janakpur railway, which goes to Jaynagar station in India. The track is in poor condition though. It is near to Sitamarhi railway station which is just 45kms and Jaynagar railway station which is just 32kms, both in nearby India. Both stations are connected to important cities like New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai.
It is possible to drive to the city from any place in India. Jankpur is 20 minutes from the India border. Prior paper work will be needed.
The Janak Temple:
Located in the centre of the city, throughout the year pilgrims come to pay respect to the Ram and Sita. One of the mail attractions of the city is the enactment of their wedding ceremony by decorating temples and monuments, burning lamps during Bibha Panchami. The annual festival is celebrated on the event of Ram and Sita’s marriage and their wedding ceremony is enacted throughout the week. During this entire week the city is bustling with lights.
Ram and Sita are the most important characters of the famous Hindu epic Ramayana. In this story, Ram strings a bow that formerly belonged to Lord Shiva the demolisher and in the procedure, the bow breaks into three pieces. One of the pieces flies up to heaven and another falls down into the depths of the underworld. Today, there is a huge pond called Dhanush Sagar at the very spot. The third piece flies to present day Dhanushadham, which is about 40 kilometers from Janakpur. Visitors in that area will see huge rocks shaped liked a bow. Post this the King agreed to get Lord Rama and Princess Sita(Janaki) get married as he was fearless prince.
Dhanush Sagar and Ganga Sagar:
Dhanush Sagar and Ganga Sagar are two sacred tanks situated near the famous Ram Mandir. Early morning this place encounters several religious ablutions everyday. During ceromonies especially during the enactment of Ram Sita Bibaha these tanks become extremely important. Several other cisterns are also found around the area. The religious conntation regarding each tank is when the Gods would travel many miles all over the Himalayas they would come came and wash their feet and take a bath separately. King Janak built these tank’s after Rama and Sita’s marriage.
Ram Navami or also typically known Sri Rama Navami is a Hindu festival celebrating the birth of Lord Rama to King Dashratha and Queen Kaushalya of Ayodhya. While visting Jankapur you might want to when the festival is happening. At some places the festival lasts the whole nine days of Navratras, hence calling the period Sri Rama Navratra. It is marked by continuous recitals,Akhand Paath, mostly of the Ramacharitamanas, organized several days in advance to culminate on this day, with elaborate kirtan and distribution of prasad after the puja. Images of infant form of Sri Rama are placed on cradles and rocked by devotees. Since Rama is the 7th incarnation of Vishnu having born at noon, temples and family shrines are elaborately decorated and traditional prayers are chanted together by the family in the morning. The annual event occurs in late March and early April.
Everything needed will be found everywhere in the city. All major credit cards are accepted and finding internet will not be difficult. Since it’s a warm place you would want to pack light clothes. No provocative clothes will be entertained. Mostly vegetarian food is served all over.
|There are several things that can be done while visiting Jankpur. Since Janakpur is full of temples visiting the significant temples would be a good option. There are several hotels and restaurants all over the place accommodating several tourists everyday. There are special booths or offices set up all over the place for any kind of help needed by tourist.|